Dating culture in iceland
In 1262–1264, Iceland was incorporated into Norway; in 1380, when Norway came under Danish rule, Iceland went along; and on 17 June 1944, Iceland became an independent republic, though it had gained sovereignty in 1918 and had been largely autonomous since 1904. In 1703, when the first census was done, the population was 50,358.The sense of Iceland as a separate state with a separate identity dates from the nineteenth-century nationalist movement. In 1992, there were 63,540 families that averaged three members.The story set down there and repeated to this day is that a Norse Viking named Flóki sailed to Iceland, but spent so much energy hunting and fishing that he did not lay up hay for his livestock, which died in the winter, and had to return. Among the settlers and the slaves the Scandinavians brought were people of Irish as well as Norse descent; Icelanders still debate the relative weight of the Norse and Irish contributions to their culture and biology.Some date a distinctive sense of "Icelandicness" to the writing of the First Grammatical Treatise in the twelfth century.Purists of the nationalist-oriented independence tradition insist that there is no variation in Icelandic, but linguistic studies suggest variation by class.
Icelandic has been said to be virtually unaltered since medieval times, although many Icelanders disagree. Everyone has one or two names and is referred to as the son or daughter of his or her father. Directories are organized alphabetically by first name.
There is some debate about the uniformity of the language.
According to the ideology of that movement, all Icelanders share a common heritage and identity, though some argue that economic stratification has resulted in divergent identities and language usage. Iceland is an island in the north Atlantic Ocean between Greenland and Norway just south of the Arctic Circle. In 1993, the population of the capital area was 154,268. Icelandic is a Germanic language related to Norwegian.
It covers 63,860 square miles (103,000 square kilometers), of which about 620 are cultivated, 12,400 are used for grazing, 7,500 are covered by glaciers, 1,900 are covered by lakes, and 41,500 are covered by lava, sands, and other wastelands. Medieval Icelandic, the language of the historical-literary tradition, sometimes is called Old Norse.
The first document was a recording of laws in 1117.Many copies and versions of legal books were produced.