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Because the body and glaze of this “china” ware was made out of the same substance in different stages of decay, the firing process created a hard product that was impervious to liquids and resistant to scratching.
Europeans coveted this imported china dinnerware, and struggled to figure out how to make it, creating lower-quality soft-paste porcelain out of various materials.
The roots of Royal Worcester date to 1751, when a group of 14 English businessmen, including Dr.
John Wall, William Davis, and Richard and Josiah Holdship, signed a deed of partnership to produce porcelain.
Finally, in the early 18th century, kaolin was discovered in Germany outside Colditz and Aue, allowing factories like those in Dresden and Meissen to make their own hard-paste china.
Despite these advances on the continent, British potteries still didn’t have as much access to kaolin, and relied on their own trademark soft-paste porcelain formulas.
This early incarnation of the company didn’t start from the ground up.
Most of its know-how, equipment, materials, and workers initially came from an existing porcelain factory in Bristol, which had been housed in a building called Lowdin’s China House in Redcliffe Backs and owned by Benjamin Lund and William Miller. For centuries, China had held the secrets of making what’s called hard-paste porcelain, which used kaolin clay.