Developing and validating multiple choice exam items


13-Jan-2015 03:00

developing and validating multiple choice exam items-74

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For example, they are not an effective way to test students’ ability to organize thoughts or articulate explanations or creative ideas.Reliability is defined as the degree to which a test consistently measures a learning outcome.Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required.A multiple choice item consists of a problem, known as the stem, and a list of suggested solutions, known as alternatives. A stem that presents a definite problem allows a focus on the learning outcome.In addition, the objective scoring associated with multiple choice test items frees them from problems with scorer inconsistency that can plague scoring of essay questions.

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Because students can typically answer a multiple choice item much more quickly than an essay question, tests based on multiple choice items can typically focus on a relatively broad representation of course material, thus increasing the validity of the assessment.The key to taking advantage of these strengths, however, is construction of good multiple choice items.Multiple choice test items are less susceptible to guessing than true/false questions, making them a more reliable means of assessment.The reliability is enhanced when the number of MC items focused on a single learning objective is increased.

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