Hebrew word for dating
While ancient Hebrew underwent linguistic change, as do languages in general, the biblical texts seem not to reflect this chronology in a way that makes any kind of linguistic dating of the texts possible – in contrast to the consensus prevailing among Hebrew linguists until about a decade ago.
By Ian Young Associate Professor, Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish Studies, The University of Sydney By Robert Rezetko Assistant Professor, Faculty of Religious Studies, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen Honorary Research Associate, Department of Hebrew, Biblical and Jewish Studies, The University of Sydney By Martin Ehrensvärd Part-time Lecturer, Department for the Study of Religion, University of Aarhus Lecturer, Department of Biblical Exegesis, The University of Copenhagen July, 2010 In the last few years, a challenge has been mounted to the consensus view that Biblical Hebrew (BH) can be divided into two discrete historical periods: Early Biblical Hebrew (EBH) and Late Biblical Hebrew (LBH), or early Hebrew and late Hebrew.
The starting point for this challenge was the publication of a volume Young edited with―in the words of one reviewer―the "yawn-invoking title" of EBH, according to the traditional view, is the language of the preexilic or monarchic period, down to the fall of the kingdom of Judah to the Babylonians in 586 BCE.
The exile in the sixth century BCE marks a transitional period, the great watershed in the history of BH.
Finally we will step back and ask some hard questions about the presuppositions involved in the dating―by linguistic or other means―of the books of the Hebrew Bible.
It is the work of the great Israeli scholar Avi Hurvitz that has established sounder methodological principles and therefore decisively advanced the study of LBH in recent decades.
After the return from exile in the late sixth century BCE, we have the era of LBH. Hebrew biblical texts can, therefore, be dated on linguistic grounds because LBH was not written early, nor did EBH continue to be written after the transition to LBH.exilic period, which is exactly the opposite of what its proponents have claimed.