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The notoriety of Turing's proposed test stimulated great interest in Joseph Weizenbaum's program ELIZA, published in 1966, which seemed to be able to fool users into believing that they were conversing with a real human.
However Weizenbaum himself did not claim that ELIZA was genuinely intelligent, and the Introduction to his paper presented it more as a debunking exercise: [In] artificial intelligence ...
machines are made to behave in wondrous ways, often sufficient to dazzle even the most experienced observer.
But once a particular program is unmasked, once its inner workings are explained ...
The term "Chatter Bot" was originally coined by Michael Mauldin (creator of the first Verbot, Julia) in 1994 to describe these conversational programs.
There are two main types of chatterbots, one functions based on a set of rules, and the other more advanced version uses artificial intelligence.
Chatterbots are typically used in dialog systems for various practical purposes including customer service or information acquisition.
Some chatterbots use sophisticated natural language processing systems, but many simpler systems scan for keywords within the input, then pull a reply with the most matching keywords, or the most similar wording pattern, from a database.
The chatterbots based on rules, tend to be limited, and are as smart as it is programmed to be.On the other end, chatterbots that use artificial intelligence, understands language, not just commands, and continuously gets smarter as it learns from conversations it has with people.which proposed what is now called the Turing test as a criterion of intelligence.This criterion depends on the ability of a computer program to impersonate a human in a real-time written conversation with a human judge, sufficiently well that the judge is unable to distinguish reliably—on the basis of the conversational content alone—between the program and a real human.
A chatterbot (also known as a talkbot, chatbot, Bot, chatterbox, Artificial Conversational Entity) is a computer program which conducts a conversation via auditory or textual methods.Such programs are often designed to convincingly simulate how a human would behave as a conversational partner, thereby passing the Turing test.