Organizations accommodating people with disabilities
They are designed to level the playing field so that people with disabilities can enjoy equal opportunities in employment and become contributing members of the workforce.
Most of the literature on job accommodations in the 1980s and 1990s focused on people with a range of disabilities.
This issue is less complicated when employees with psychiatric disabilities are involved in supported employment (SE) services, since SE service providers often are actively involved in the disclosure and arranging of accommodations.
The functional limitations requiring accommodation are most often cognitive or interpersonal in nature.
Results also suggest that disclosure of psychiatric disabilities to employers, while necessary in accessing job accommodations, is a complex process for which individuals need guidance in order to weigh both the risks and the benefits of disclosing and to make decisions about what to say, when, and to whom.
There is weak evidence from uncontrolled studies that job accommodations are positively associated with employment outcomes such as staying employed, job satisfaction, satisfactory job terminations, sense of mastery and well-being, and opportunity for promotion.
Promising findings from descriptive and qualitative studies suggest that most accommodations for people with psychiatric disabilities require little to nothing in direct costs, and most frequently involve flexible schedules, interpersonal supports (e.g., job assistance by vocational rehabilitation service providers, interpersonal or other support interactions provided by supervisors and coworkers), and changes in job tasks or the training process.
There is currently no conclusive evidence from well-controlled studies that job accommodations result in improved employment outcomes.
There are, however, numerous studies that are descriptive or qualitative in nature; use less rigorous designs; describe the nature of accommodations; identify factors related to disclosure of psychiatric disabilities and job accommodations, or describe the process of disclosing and requesting accommodations.Given how few well-controlled studies have been done in this area, the question of how effective job accommodations are for people with psychiatric disabilities remains open.