In general, legislatures first set broad policy mandates by passing statutes, then agencies create more detailed regulations through rulemaking.
However, explosive growth in regulations has fueled criticism that the rulemaking process reduces the transparency and accountability of democratic government.
Evaluating whether the benefits of regulations outweigh the costs is difficult.
It is hard to quantify the benefit from preserving a scenic view or to quantify the social and psychological costs of compliance or of witnessing a serious accident.
Legislatures rely on rulemaking to add more detailed scientific, economic, or industry expertise to a policy—fleshing out the broader mandates of authorizing legislation.
Studies inside large organizations have shown that the sheer volume of rules for complex technologies, such as nuclear and railways, make those rules less effective.In administrative law, rule-making is the process that executive and independent agencies use to create, or promulgate, regulations.