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These illegal operations are funded in part by advance payments for future shipments (financed by Chinese expatriates and Chinese importers) and by loans from large, international banks.Demand is fueled mostly by a growing Chinese middle class and their desire for exotic imperial-style furniture.Since then, government orders and memos have intermittently alternated between permitting and banning exports of precious woods.The most commonly cited reason for permitting exports is to salvage valuable wood from cyclone damage, although this reasoning has come under heavy scrutiny.Thousands of poorly paid Malagasy loggers have flooded into the national parks—especially in the northeast—building roads, setting up logging camps, and cutting down even the most difficult to reach rosewood trees.Illegal activities are openly flaunted, armed militia have descended upon local villages, and a rosewood mafia easily bribe government officials, buying export permits with ease.Oxford Instruments aims to pursue responsible development and deeper understanding of the world through Science & Technology.As one of the first commercial spin-out companies from Oxford University, this vision has been at the heart of our business for over 50 years.

The unsustainable exploitation of these tropical hardwoods, particularly rosewood from the SAVA Region, has escalated significantly since the start of the 2009 Malagasy political crisis.We use innovation to turn smart science into world-class products that support research and industry to address the great challenges of the 21st Century.Illegal logging has been a problem in Madagascar for decades and is perpetuated by extreme poverty and government corruption.Often taking the form of selective logging, the trade has been driven by high international demand for expensive, fine-grained lumber such as rosewood and ebony.

Historically, logging and exporting in Madagascar have been regulated by the Malagasy government, although the logging of rare hardwoods was explicitly banned from protected areas in 2000.

European and American demand for high-end musical instruments and furniture have also played a role.